is one of the world's most important food crops. It is believed that
wild relatives of wheat first grew in the Middle East. Wheat was one of
the first plants to be cultivated. It was grown about 11,000 years ago.
changes in people's lives occurred because of wheat being grown. People
began growing their own food and no longer needed to wander in search
of food. Permanent settlements were established because wheat provided
people with a stable food supply. Soon people grew enough wheat to feed
people from other lands. Once there was extra wheat available, trade
between various cultures developed.
B.C. wheat farming had spread to Asia, Europe and North Africa. New
species of wheat developed because early farmers probably selected
kernels from their best wheat plants to use as seeds for planting the
following year's crop. That way, only the best wheat qualities were
passed from one generation to the next. Soon wheat became an important
world wide crop.
is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East
and Ethiopian Highlands, but now cultivated worldwide. In 2010 world
production of wheat was 651 million tons, making it the third
most-produced cereal after maize (844 million tons) and rice (672
In 2009, world production of wheat was 682 million tons, making it the
second most-produced cereal after maize (817 million tons), and with
rice as close third (679 million tons).
grain is grown on more land area than any other commercial crop and is
the most important staple food for humans.World trade in wheat is
greater than for all other crops combined.
Globally, wheat is the leading source of vegetable protein in human
food, having a higher protein content than either maize (corn) or rice,
the other major cereals. In terms of total production tonnages used for
food, it is currently second to rice as the main human food crop and
ahead of maize, after allowing for maize's more extensive use in animal
Wheat was a key factor enabling the
emergence of city-based societies at the start of civilization because
it was one of the first crops that could be easily cultivated on a
large scale, and had the additional advantage of yielding a harvest
that provides long-term storage of food. Wheat contributed to the
emergence of city-states in the Fertile Crescent, including the
Babylonian and Assyrian empires. Wheat grain is a staple food used to
make flour for leavened, flat and steamed breads, biscuits, cookies,
cakes, breakfast cereal, pasta, noodles, couscous and for fermentation to make beer, other alcoholic beverages or biofuel.
is planted to a limited extent as a forage crop for livestock, and its
straw can be used as a construction material for roofing thatch.The
whole grain can be milled to leave just the endosperm for white flour.
The by-products of this are bran and germ. The whole grain is a
concentrated source of vitamins, minerals, and protein, while the
refined grain is mostly starch
Wheat Varieties and Type
are many different varieties of Wheat grown throughout the world, such
as Soft/Hard/White/Red, there are only two main classifications of
Wheat, winter and spring. Winter Wheat is planted in the winter and
Spring Wheat is planted in the spring, hence the names. Each particular
type of Wheat, Hard Red, Soft Red, Durum and White, requires slightly
different climatic conditions for growth and is best suited for each
type. The most prevalent class of Wheat grown in the Untied States is
Hard Red Winter or Kansas City Board of Trade Wheat. Hard Red Winter
Wheat is grown predominantly in Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and the
Texas panhandle. The cold, sub zero winters and the general lack of
precipitation make these regions of the country ideal for Hard Red
Winter Wheat production. The primary use of Hard Red Winter Wheat Flour
is for bread making.
Soft Red Winter (Chicago):
Soft Red Winter Wheat futures, the most actively traded Wheat futures
contract, are traded on the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT). The first
modern futures contract was for Soft Red Winter Wheat. Soft Red Winter
Wheat is grown in diverse areas of the country, central Texas, towards
the northeastern Great Lakes and east to the Atlantic. Soft Red Wheat
is grown in more humid environments, not suited to hard grain
production. The flour from Soft Red Winter Wheat is used to make cakes,
cookies, snack foods, crackers and pastries.
Hard Red Spring (Minneapolis):
Hard Red Spring Wheat is grown in the Northern Plains states where the
winters are too severe for Winter Wheat production, but the rich black
soil and the dry, hot summers make it ideal for this type of wheat. The
major producing states are Montana, Wyoming, North and South Dakota, as
well as Idaho. This high grade Wheat is suitable for milling and used
primarily in breads.
The other varieties
of Wheat grown in the United States are Durum and White Wheat. Durum
Wheat has the hardest of all the wheat kernels. It contains the highest
proportion of protein of any of the classes of wheat. This Wheat is
primarily used in the production of pasta, spaghetti, macaroni and
other various pastas. Due to its high protein content, Durum wheat
flour is not suitable for breads or pastries. Both Winter and Spring
Wheat strains are grown in the United States, primarily in Michigan,
New York, Oregon, and Washington. White Wheat accounts for the least
amount of acreage grown of any of the Wheat varieties. White Wheat is
often substituted for Soft Red Winter Wheat since its protein content
and texture mill into a flour is suited for similar purposes (cakes,
cookies, snack foods, crackers and pastries).
Packing List :
Wheat Pack 1
Wheat Pack 2
Wheat Pack 3
Wheat Pack 4
Note : We can provide customized packaging as per your requirements. Please feel free to contact.